Stem Cell Therapy for Autism
By:Like Wu, Xiaojuan Wang, Freda Peng, Bo Cheng, Susan Chu
Wu Medical Center, Bejing, China
The patient is 8-year-old boy. He was presented with language, mental, behavioral and human communication disorders for the past 5 years. He was diagnosed as Autism. He was born full-term with normal delivery. He was hyperactive, upset, agitated, impaired language development and was unable to communicate with others when he was 2 years old.
Physical examination: he was stable, Skin and mucous membrane were with no yellow stain or petechia. His heart and lung were normal. He was alert, his comprehension, judgment, attention and adaptability were bad. He was hyperactive, upset, unquiet, soliloquize and he couldn’t answer questions. He could count from 1-10. He couldn’t cooperate with the memory, calculation ability, or orientation examinations. He seldom had eye contact with others. He couldn’t cooperate with the cranial nerves, sensation and coordinated movement during examinations. The muscle power of four limbs was at level 5, his muscle tension was normal. The tendon reflex decreased. The pathological sign was negative. All of the laboratory examination and accessory examinations were normal. He was diagnosed as” Autism”.
Treatment target: increase the number of normal neural stem cells (NSCs) in the brain, switch on neural development, repair and regenerate the nerves. Increase the brain function, improve the patient’s cognitive function and communication skills.
Treatment procedure and results:
We gave the patient 4 times neural stem cells (NSCs) and 4 times mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) implantation treatment. The stem cells were activated in the patient’s body to repair the damaged nerves. Together with nourishment of the neurons, improve circulation, regulating the immune, daily rehabilitation training was incorporated. After the treatment, the patient was stable, developed a good spirit and mood. He seldom gets upset and he developed more concentration. He could see movies or listen to music by himself, and the duration was increased to between 30-40 minutes than before. He speaks more with family members. He could answer questions and gained more vocabulary. He could say a sentence which is made up of 6 words. His learning skill was better. The memory, calculation ability, orientation, comprehension and attention were better. He had more eye contact with others. His nerves, sensation, coordinated movement examinations and meningeal irritation sign examination cooperation degree was better.
Autism is also called autistic disorder, it is one subtype of the catholicity eccyliosis. Male patients were more than female as observed. This disease onset at early infancy. The cardinal symptoms: various degrees of speech disturbance, human communication disorders, less interesting or mechanic behavior. Around 3/4 young patients accompanied with visible mental retardation. The main pathogen was unclear, it may be: heredity, perinatal period factors, abnormal immune system or imbalance of various neuroendocrine and neurotransmitter function. The patient had this disease from very young, the pathogen was unclear, and his symptoms were: abnormal mind and behaviors, cognitive disorder, bad communication skills and excitement.
There are a lot of methods to treat autism, but most of them lack medical evidences and there is no best treatment plan. Our center uses advanced NSCs transplantation technique to treats patients with autism. The NSCs is used together with MSCs to make the imbedded NSCs increase the number of brain and spinal cord nerve cells, promotes nerve differentiation and growth to improve his cognition and mental. This technique was used in this patient and he recovered well and not only his cognition and mental, his self-care ability and social skills were improved also. This provided relief of mental stress and daily burden to his relatives. This brings hope to patients with this disease.
Research under our direction, the treatment result was satisfactory. During retrospective experiment on animals, we found the same program had made great advances in nerve precursor cell’s structure, migration, cortical tissue, neuron differentiation and connection. For example: a small group of neurons migration lag in specific area or appear in ectopia area of the patient, could result in mental hypoevolutism, epilepsy or speech impediment. This can be fixed with implantation of nerve precursor cell. The shape and structure of cortex can be normal. The safety of this treatment was confirmed in many medical literatures. But each patient need complicated clinical technology supporting, because the brain was controlled by gene in the development process, for example: when we use the NSCs to correct neuron developmental deviation and abnormality, neuron development need growth factors’ participation. It also need immunological surveillance. Over growth nerve will be controlled by immune system, only in that way can we get good result. All the processes need to be controlled by experienced clinician and complicated clinical technology.